This chapter will introduce some aspects of the Ganesh cult. In a first part of the exoteric cult, is the popular and daily worship presented. In a second part some hints about esoteric cults are provided.
Below is a detailed description of the Ganesh puja.
Aum sumukhaya svaha
Aum ekadantata svaha
Aum gajakarnakaya svaha
then rinse again
Aum ! Hail to the God whose face always shines!
Aum ! Hail to the god who only has a tusk!
Aum ! Hail to the god with huge elephant ears!
Hold the spoon with your left hand, pour a tablespoon of water from the cup in the right palm into your left hand to rinse them, let the excess water fall to the ground or a tray. Take another spoon of water in your right hand, say «Aum Sumukhaya Svaha» and slurp the water. Repeat for the second and third line, then rinse the right hand again as described above.
Invitation of Ganesha
Aum shulambara dharam vishnum
Shashivarnam chatur bhujam prasanna vadanam dhyayet sarva vighno pashantaye
Drive over the temples
Aum. O Lord, dressed in glorious white, pervading the whole universe, radiant as the ivory rays of the full moon with four mighty shoulders and a charming, happy face. We meditate on you, Lord, that all obstacles can be suppressed.
Greet Lord Ganesh on the altar by holding your hands in the Anjali Mudra, the praying pose. Then, during the recitation of the above verse, cross your arms in front of your face and lightly tap on the temples with your finger, three times the left hand knocks the right temple and vice versa. This is a traditional type of worship of Lord Ganesha. The place to knock is the bony protruding part in front of it. At the last words, bring your hands back from singing to the Anjali Mudra.
Dedication of the Puja and Memorandum
Aum adya purvokta evam guna sakala visheshena vishihtayam asyam shubhatithau
Aum Maha ganeshvara-uddishya
Maha ganeshvara priyartham
Maha ganeshvara prasada siddhyartham yathâ shakti (name time) dhyana vahanadi Ganesha pujam karishye
Aum apa upasprishya
Keep rice and flowers in the closed right hand on the chest.
Throw rice and flowers.
Rinse your hands.
Five times of the day
Name the right time
ushah kala (morning twilight)
pratah kala (morning)
Now, at this especially happy moment, time, and place, on this happy day, now, in order for us to realize the fullness of your grace, we will do our utmost to implement this Ganesha Puja (insert time of day). Aum. By touching pure water we become pure.
While reciting the above letter of intent, take a pinch of rice and hold it in your closed right palm at chest level. Depending on when you do the Puja, add the time of day where it is indicated. As you sing the last word, karishye, gently toss the rice on the base of the picture. Then, with your left hand, place a spoonful of water in your right palm, then return the spoon to the cup and ritually rinse both hands with the water by wiping your palms together a couple of times, as you «Aum apa upa sprishya» recite. Once you have sung the Sankalpam, the Puja must not be interrupted or abandoned until you have recited the final mantras.
dhyayami avahayami ratna simhasanam samarpa yami
Offer the rice
We meditate on Lord Ganesh. In all splendor, we have prepared for you a jeweled, lion-footed throne to sit on, Lord Ganesh.
Bring the deity a pinch of rice as you sing each line of the meditation and invocation mentioned above. Visualize God Ganesha sitting on a golden throne in front of you smiling, full of blessings, waiting to be honored as a guest in the home of his followers.
Bathing of the feet and hands of God Ganesh
padyam samarpa yami
arghyam samarpa yami
in a holy water bowl
We humbly bathe each of your white lotus feet and gently wash each of your precious hands, Lord Ganesha.
With your right hand, offer a spoon of pure water by holding it up in front of the deity and then pouring it into the holy bowl of water. This is how all the water offerings are made during the Puja. As you sing the first line, visualize yourself bathing Ganesha's feet. Offer a second spoonful of pure water as you intone the next line and visualize yourself as you wash his hands.
Aum bhur-bhuvah svah
achamaniyam samarpa yami
Aum! In the presence of the three worlds, O Lord Ganesha, we humbly offer you fresh, pure water to slurp.
Bring Ganesha a spoonful of pure water. This time, visualize how he accepts it in his hand and slurp it.
Bathing the Lord with pure water
snapayami imam me gange yamune sarasvati shutudri stomagm (stomang) sachata parushnya asiknya marudvridhe vitastayar-jikiye shrinuhya sushomaya gangasnanam samarpa yami
Ring the bell
Hold a flower and spill out substances.
Put the bell down
We are bathing you now, beloved Lord, calling forth all the holy rivers in the Holy Land, the fast-flowing Ganges, the twin stream Yamuna, the Saraswati flowing in a hundred streams. These we praise, O Ganesha, together with the river Shutudru, turning and rushing, the Parushnu, whose waters run dark, the rivers Jukuye and Sushoma. We now have bathed you in the holy waters of the Ganges, Lord Ganesh.
While ringing the bell and reciting this auspicious, purifying hymn, immerse a flower in the sacred Turtha water and gently sprinkle the deity with it. Do this three or more time. Hold the flower in your right hand in the Mrigi-Mudra, the stem between your third and fourth fingers. If the altar design allows it, you can pour water over the Murti instead of sprinkling it during the song.
Decorate and pray for prosperity
gandhadvaram duradharsham nitya pushtham karishinim ishvaring sarva bhutananam tamiho pahvaye shriyam divya parimala vibhuti kunkuma chandanam samar payami
Decorate the deity with flowers, garlands, clothing and gems
(repeat adjacent while decorating)(
Use vibhuti, sandalwood, paste and saffron
May this fragrance be the means to boldly and permanently open the doors of wealth and abundance, to flood in unending supply. O lord of all living creatures, as if lost in the darkness craves light, I ask for you, God Ganesha. Now we anoint you with divine and highly pure white vibhuti, extremely fragrant sandalwood paste and red ointments, red saffron.
During this song you will decorate the Murti or the picture and decorate it with the traditional Puja sanctuaries. The first four lines of the verse can be repeated again and again until the decoration is complete. The last two lines are recited only once during the application of Vibhuti (holy ash), Chandana (sandalwood paste) and Kunkuma (red saffron powder).
Offering of rice and flowers
tapudari mangalakshtam samarpayami pojarthe nana vidhapatra pushpani samar payami
then flowers or more rice
Now we are offering this auspicious unbroken rice. And for the fulfillment of our devotion, we offer fresh, blooming flowers for your joy, our incomparable Lord
A pinch of rice is offered with the first line. A handful of flowers, a single flower or a pinch of rice is offered on the second line.
Presentation of incense
Aum vanaspatyud bhavaih divyaih nana gandha samanvitaih aghreya dhupadi panam dhupo-yam prati grihyatam dhupa maghra payami dhupa nantara machama niyam samarpa yami mangala khsatan samar payam
Ring the bell
Bring incense in three circles,
then transmit AUM with light.
Ring the bell loudly
The best frankincense with magical qualities, complete and varied fragrances for your enjoyment, Lord Ganesh, we set up a flame and bring this to you in this, our home. This fine incense is duly presented for your enjoyment. And in the right one Order, we offer you again cool, sweet water to slurp on it, and auspicious unbroken rice.
During the above-mentioned song, you make three circles, with glowing incense in your right hand, while you ring the bell, held with your left hand, before the deity. With some practice, you'll complete the third circle as you sing the fifth line, dhupa maghra payami. At this point, the incense is lifted higher and the bell is rung louder. As you put down the incense, the next two lines are recited. Water is offered with the first line and a pinch of rice with the second line.
Presentation of light
uddipyasva jata vedopaghnan nirritim mama pashugumshcha (pashungshcha) mahyamavaha jivanan cha diso dasha ma no higumsij jatavedo (hingsij jatavedo) gamashvam purushan jagat abibhradagna agahi shri yama paripataya divya mangala dipam sandarsha yami dipa nantara machamaniyam samar payami mangala kshatan samar payami
Ring the bell, hand over light in three circles, then follow Aum.
In fire is spiritual knowledge, our refuge. Because of this, no harm can be done to us. In our house, cows are honored and esteemed, which enliven the nations in all directions. Let us not forget the right knowledge, culture and religious rites, O incomparable Lord! May not any living soul in this world be forgotten this way! Bread abound purity and peace before and around us as this sacred flame illuminates everything with clarity. We have shown you this divine flame, Lord Ganesha and this deservedly in the right order. So that all of you can receive your grace, we offer you again cool, sweet water to slurp, and auspicious unbroken rice.
Offer Ganesha the Oil Light and ring the bell as you sing this Vedic hymn. As with the incense, circle it three times, then draw the Aum with the flame. When singing the line beginning with divya, raise the flame and ring the bell louder, then stop ringing. With the last two lines you offer first water, then a pinch of rice or a flower.
satyam tvartena (on morning)
ritam tva satyena (on evening)
Aum amrita mastu amrito pastarana masi svaha
Ring the bell, then stop it
Aum. We add truth to truth. Aum. May this sweet and spicy food be turned into nectar, O Ganesha.
As you recite the first part of the mantra, you will discover the food offer. Then ring the bell, take a tablespoon of water and circle it clockwise over the food. During the second part (Aum amritamastu...), offer, without the ringing of the bell, a tablespoon of water.
Offering the pranic essence of the food
Aum pranaya svaha
Aum apanaya svaha
Aum vyanaya svaha
Aum udanaya svaha
Aum samanaya svaha
Aum brahmane svaha
Woo with a flower over the food while singing each line
Aum, the ascending life force, the prana, which sustains the inhalation and exhalation, we bring to you, O Ganesha.
Aum, the descending life force, Apana Prana, which controls the functions of elimination, we bring you, O Ganesha.
Aum, the expanding life force, the vyana that circulates through all the limbs, we bring to you, O Ganesha.
Aum, the transiting vital force, the Udana, which sustains the language and ascends to a higher consciousness, we bring to you, O Ganesha.
Aum, the adaptive life force, the Samana that sustains digestion, we bring to you, O Ganesha.
Aum. The Divine all-pervading energy, Brahma-Prana, which sustains all life, we bring to you, O Ganesha.
In the above, as you hold the bell in your hand, but do not ring, gently blow the aroma and vital essences of the food or fruit toward the deity. To do this, wipe with a flower between your fingers, stick upwards, with your right hand over the food (one wave for each prana offered). The palm points down as she moves over the food, then she turns upwards, as the wipes approach the Deity, bringing the scent and pranas into their nose and mouth. As you complete the last line, gently throw the flower to the feet of the deity, releasing them at the end of the wipe with all the love in your heart.
Ask the Lord to accept our food delivery
Aum avahi tabhyah sarva bhyah devata bhyo namah nana vidha mahanai vedyam nivedayami yatha shaktya samarpita mahanai vedyam kripaya svikuru
Ringing the bell loudly.
Take rice or Flower on.
Throw rice and flower, then stop ringing.
Aum! Greetings to all available gods and Devas! Since we offer you our best, Lord Ganesha, in all sincerity and love, must be counted the essence of those modest plates of food among the best meals you have ever received. To the best of our ability to worship you, we offer the sacred essence of this food and humbly ask that you receive it.
Ring the bell loudly as you recite the song above. Pick up a flower or pinch of rice and hold it at chest level in the fingertips of the right hand. As the last word is spoken, release the rice or the flower gently at the feet of the deity. Then lay down the bell and raise both hands in the pious prayer that Ganesha takes the meal over the head. While raising your hands, close your eyes and keep a clear visualization that Ganesha will accept and attend the meal. Lower your hands after a short while and intone Aum softly.
Now, if time is available, you may chant the one hundred and eight names of Lord Ganesh (OM «name» ya namaha, for the most part).
Om Vinaya kaya namaha
The blessed Lord of all
Om Vighnara jaya namaha
The king of obstacles
Om Gauri putraya namaha
The son of the goddess Gauri
Om Ganesh varaya namaha
The blessed leader of the Ganas
Om Skanda grajaya namaha
The older brother of Skanda (Subrahmanya)
Om Avyayaya namaha
The one who is stable and does not change
Om Putaya namaha
The one who shines
Om Dakshaya namaha
The one who is an expert
Om Adhyakshaya namaha
Om Dvija priyaya namaha
The one who likes the twice-born
Om Agni garbhachide namaha
The one who has fire in his stomach
Om Indrasri pradaya namaha
The one who guarantees wealth for Indra
Om Vani pradaya namaha
The one who guarantees what has been said
Om Avyayaya namaha
The one who never ages
Om Sarva siddhi pradaya namaha
The one who guarantees all occult powers
Om Sarva jnanayaya namaha
The one who knows everything
Om Sarva ripriyaya namaha
The one who is liked by everyone
Om Sarvat makaya namaha
The one who is the soul of everyone
Om Srushti katre namaha
The one who creates
Om Devaya namaha
The one who is God
Om Anekar chitaya namaha
The one who is worshiped by many
Om Sivaya namaha
The one who is Lord Shiva
Om Suddhaya namaha
The one who is the cleanliness
Om Buddhi priyaya namaha
The one who likes the knowledge
Om Santaya namaha
The one who is a saint
Om Brahma charine Naamaha
The one who is a Brahma chari
Om Gajananaya namaha
The one who killed Gaja Mukhasura
Om Dvai Matreyaya namaha
The one who is two-fold
Om Muni stutyaya namaha
The one who is worshiped by the sages
Om Bhaktavighna vinasanaya namaha
The one who removes obstacles on the path of devotion
Om Ekadantaya namaha
The one who has only one tusk
Om Chatur bahave namaha
The one who has four different aspects
Om Chaturaya namaha
The one who is smart
Om Sakti samyutaya namaha
The one who is in power
Om Lambodaraya namaha
The one who has a big belly
Om Surpa karnaya namaha
The one who has big ears
Om Haraye namaha
The one who is Hara (Shiva)
Om Brahma viduttamaya namaha
The one who is an expert in the knowledge of Brahma
Om Kalaya namaha
The one who is a crescent
Om Graha pataye namaha
The one who is the master of the planets
Om Kamine namaha
The one who wishes
Om Somasur yagni lochanaya namaha
The one who has the sun
Om Pasanku sadharaya namaha
The one who holds the rope and the spike
Om Chandaya namaha
The one who is angry
Om Guna titaya namaha
The one who is as bright as the sun
Om Niran janaya namaha
The one who is immaculate and pure
Om Akalma shaya namaha
The one who does not have the least pollution
Om Svayam siddhaya namaha
The one who has become a Sidha himself
Om Siddhar chita padam bujaya namaha
The one whose feet are worshiped by the saints
Om Bijapura phala saktaya namaha
The one who likes to get results from the Bhija
Om Vara daya namaha
The one who gives blessings
Om Sasva taya namaha
The one who is everlasting
Om Krutine namaha
The one who does things
Om Dvija priyaya namaha
The one who likes the twice-born
Om Vita bhayaya namaha
The one who is never afraid
Om Gadine namaha
The one who is our ultimate goal
Om Chakrine namaha
The one who is Lord Vishnu
Om Ikshuch apadhrite namaha
The one who holds a bow of sugarcane
Om Sridaya namaha
The one who blesses with wealth
Om Ajaya namaha
The one who was not born
Om Utpala karaya namaha
The one holding a lotus in his hand
Om Sripataye namaha
The one who is the Lord of Wealth
Om Stutihar shitaya namaha
The one who becomes happy because of the prayer
Om Kuladr ibhettre namaha
The one who breaks the mountain
Om Jatilaya namaha
The one who is an ascetic
Om Kali kalma shanasanaya namaha
The one who destroys the illnesses of the Kali Age
Om Chandra chuda manaye namaha
The one who wears the crescent
Om Kantaya namaha
The one who is very pleasant
Om Papaharine namaha
The one who heals sins
Om Samahitaya namaha
The one who has a friendly personality
Om Asritaya namaha
The one who protects
Om Sri karaya namaha
The one who does good deeds
Om Saumyaya namaha
The one who is very peaceful
Om Bhakta vanchita dayakaya namaha
The one who fulfills the wishes of his followers
Om Santaya namaha
The one who is quiet
Om Kaivalya sukhadaya namaha
The one who guarantees the joys of salvation
Om Sachida nanda vigrahaya namaha
The one who is the personification of divine joy
Om Jnanine namaha
The one who is wise
Om Daya yutaya namaha
The one who is grateful
Om Dantaya namaha
The one who has a tusk
Om Brahmadvesha vivarjitaya namaha
The one who gave up hostility to Lord Brahma
Om Pramatta daitya bhayadaya namaha
The one who is terrible to Asuras
Om Srikanthaya namaha
The one who is the glorious light
Om Vibhude svaraya namaha
The one who is the god of all divine beings
Om Ramar chitaya namaha
The one who is in the mind of Rama
Om Vidhaye namaha
The one who is very learned
Om Nagarajaya jnopa vitavate namaha
The one who wears a serpent as a sacred chain
Om Sthula kanthaya namaha
The one who has a very big body
Om Svayam kartre namaha
The one who is made by himself
Om Samagho shapriyaya namaha
The one who likes the singing of the Sama Veda
Om Parasmai namaha
The one who is beyond everything
Om Sthula tundaya namaha
The one who has a big tusk
Om Agranye namaha
The one who is the best
Om Dhiraya namaha
The one who is the bravest
Om Vagisaya namaha
The one who is the god of words
Om Siddhi dayakaya namaha
The one who makes things happen and removes obstacles
Om Durva bilva priyaya namaha
The one who likes bilwa leaves and durva grass
Om Avyakta murtaye namaha
The one who has no clear shape
Om Adbhuta murtimate namaha
The one who has a nice shape
Om Sailendra tanujot sanga khelanot sukama nasaya namaha
The one who delights by playing with the Lord of the Mountains
Om Svala vanya sudhasa rajita manmatha vigrahaya namaha
The one who has a pretty shape like nectar and a shape like a god of love
Om Samastajaga dadha rayai namaha
The one who cares about the whole universe
Om Mayine namaha
The one who has an illusory form
Om Mushi kavahanaya namaha
The one who rides a mouse
Om Hrushtaya namaha
The one who is pleased
Om Tushtaya namaha
The one who is always satisfied
Om Prasan natmane namaha
The one who has a very friendly attitude
Om Sarvas siddhi prada yakaya namaha
The one who guarantees all powers
Blessing and worship with flowers
yopam pushpam veda pushpavan prajavan pashuman bhavati ya evam veda yopamayatanam veda ayatananavan bhavati
Aum Shrî Maha ganeshvaraya namah mantra pushpanjalin samarpayami
Holding a double handful of flowers or rice in the namaskaram (prayer posture)
Throw flowers over the Murti (figure)
The one who understands the beauty of the blossoming powers of the Supreme Being is blessed with a beautiful flowering life, offspring and cattle. The moon is certainly the flower of these forces. Those who recognize the qualities of the moon, which are nothing other than the blossoming divine powers, are blessed with a blossoming, beautiful life of perfection, offspring and cattle. He who recognizes this principle and recognizes the source from which all these powers have come, becomes self the abode of these divine powers.
While singing the above-mentioned mantra, hold a presentation of flowers in front of you in the Anjali Mudra, hands laid loosely around the flowers at chest height. If no flowers are available, uncooked unbroken rice can be offered, held in the closed right hand, palm down, assisted by the open left hand. Recite the verses with adoration. As you intone the last word, Samarpayâami, throw the flowers in the air above the altar, send a shower of flowers or rice over the god with the feeling of total letting go, of giving in loving devotion.
Worship with blazing
Aum gananam tva ganatatigm (ganapating) havamahe kavin kavina mupa mashra vastamam jyestharajam brahmanam brahmanaspata a nah shrinvan nutib dhih sida sadanam
Aum avahi tabhyah sarva bhyo devata bhyo namah divya mangaladi paratyikyam sandar shayami achamaniyam samar payami manga lakshatan samar payami
Ring the bell
draw circle there and Aum.
Ring the bell loudly.
Keep ringing loudly.
May we pray to Lord Ganapati: the master and protector of the noble, righteous people, the wisest of the wise, the eminent of the illustrious, the greatest ruler, and the protector of the knowledge of all competent people. O Lord Ganapati, please hear our prayers and protect us with your powers. We have prepared the best places in ourselves for you. Please come and decorate these.
Worship for all the gods we have invited for this puja. For this, I offer this divine light from the Camphor Arati Flame. I offer holy water to sip on it, and auspicious unbroken grains of rice to be blessed.
With the above song, hold the lit camphor burner (or oil lamp) in your right hand and the bell in your left hand. When you ring the bell and recite the Aratu mantra, slowly make three circles clockwise with the flame in front of Ganesha. Stop at the top of the third circle, lower the lamp slightly and draw the symbol AUM in Sanskrit or in your native language. Then gently lift the flame over the Aum you have placed in the Akashic Aether and ring the bell louder so that all three worlds hear it. Continue to ring loudly as you sing the above-mentioned four-line greeting to the devas (avahi tabhyah). Put down the bell and the lamp and then, with the flame still burning, bring a tablespoon of water with «achamaniyam», then a pinch of rice with «manga lakshatan».
Prayer to Indra
indra-stomena pancha dashena madhy amidam vatena sagarena raksha raksha dharayami
Set down the lamp,
circle around it three times with a flower
O Indra, Lord of material and spiritual prosperity! Please protect the space between heaven and earth, as well as the spirit between the body and the soul with the help of fifteen noble powers and virtues (five pranas, five jnan driyas and five karma driyas). The space is filled with air and moisture, while the mind is filled with prana and devotion and love for you. I carry this of your protection and blessings.
As you recite this mantra, with a flower in your right hand, the stalk up, make three circles above the burning flame. With the last words, gently throw the flower towards the deity and place your hands in the Namaskara (prayer posture) while you are in front of the altar.
Now lead the flame to the other gifts. Bring these in front of each person at chest level. These in turn take on «the flame» by passing the fingers of both hands through them and lightly touching the eyes. The gods and devas can see us through the sacred flame and send their blessings. If there are special persons, such as guru, parents or teachers, bring the flame to them first. Then continue clockwise, offering it to everyone else. In some cases, the Pujari can stand beside the altar while the followers themselves come forward to receive the blessings of the Arati flame. If no one is present at the Puja, take the flame for yourself, but not you. Last but not least, «presen» the flame to the deity on the altar, then erase it with a right-hand puff or blow it out with a flower. If the flame is camphor it is recommended to let it burn out by itself.
Final Consecration and Devotion to the Lord
anaya yatha shakti krita (name the time) pujaya bhagavan sarva devatmakah shri maha ganeshvara supritah suprasanno varado bhavatu
Rice and water in the hand, offer this before the deity
Five Times of the Day (say the right time)
ushah kala (dawn)
pratah kala (morning)
madhyahna kala (afternoon)
sayan kala (evening)
urdhvayama kala (night)
Now, to the best of our ability, we performed this puja (say, time of day) and worshiped you, lovely Lord, the most luminous of all gods. May you like this. May it have been enjoyed by you. Surrounded by your presence, we go into your care, loving Ganesha.
Before reciting the verse above, place a pinch of rice in your left hand, then place it in your right palm immediately. Add three tablespoons of water to the rice and close the hand. Hold the rice before you in front of the deity, with your left hand under your right hand, and recite the mantra. As you intone the last words, drop the rice and water into the Tirtha bowl. The sacraments can then be issued in the following order: Vibhuti, Tirtha, Chandana, Kunkuma, Naivedya, and Flowers. If no one participates in the puja, you can participate in the sacraments yourself, but not otherwise. When many followers participate, a second person can help deliver the sacraments, except for the Vibhuti, which is always given by the person who performed the puja.
Farewell and apology
Aum avahanam na janami na janami visarjanam pujanchaiva na janami kshamyatam parameshvara mantrahinam kriyahtnam bhaktihinam sureshvara yat pujitam mayadeva paripurnam tadastume anyatha sharanam nasti tvameva sharanam mama tasmat karunyabhavena raksha raksha ganeshvara
Aum Tat Sat Aum
Hold hands in the Anjali-Mudra
Bow down after the singing is completed.
O beloved Lord Ganesha, we really do not know the right meaning to invite you or to communicate with you the way you are. A complete knowledge of the priestly rites has not been taught, so you have to overlook this and forgive any mistakes or omissions. We know little about the mantras or pious behavior, and we are strangers to the true Bhakti. However, you must forgive us and any worship that we have been able to do to it must accept it as right and complete ꟷ because you are the only refuge, our loving Ganesha. With your blissful nature, Lord Ganesha, please protect those who pray for it. AUM TAT SAT AUM.
This final apology is recited with the hands in the Namaskaram (prayer posture) with the Anjali Mudra. It is a formal and devotional end to worship. As the last words, «AUM TAT SAT AUM», were spoken, it is common for you and the others who are present to clap your hands gently three times. You can now prostrate yourself. After completing the Puja, it is common to sit in internalized worship and realize our loving Ganesha in ourselves.
After the Puja a few minutes to meditate is very traditional. This gives a great personal advantage in taking over the cultivated feelings at the level of the soul, the Prana that the Puja has created and that is still in the room. Outward worship is the Kriya way; the internalized worship is the yoga path. Together they form the complete circle that nourishes the faithful in their spiritual life, making them strong and friendly in the movement of the forces of the world in their daily lives. This is the basis for the ultimate goal of all seekers: Moksha, the freedom from rebirth.
Ganesh is always present in the cult of the five major Hindu deities (Panchayatanapuja): Ganesh, Surya, Durga, Vishnu, and Shiva, but the Ganesh worshipers are primarily dedicated to their favorite god.
➳ Vishnu is the master of Akasha, the space.
➳ Surya, the sun, is the master of Vayu, the wind.
➳ Shakti (Durga) is the goddess who controls the energy of fire (Agni).
➳ Ganesh represents the water (Apas), the energy of fulfillment; he is the master of Varuna, the god of water. Therefore, when a Ganesha chathurti festival ends, the clay statues of God Ganesh must be brought to a lake and dipped for dissolution.
➳ Shiva is the master of the earth; it is represented by a Lingam made of stone by Shiva.
Ganesh is worshiped every day. The five ritual offerings are:
➳ the red Safran,
➳ the light of burning camphor and
These offerings represent the five elements space, air, fire, water and earth.
Rituals in India vary from one region to another; Their exact codification seems a bit complicated.